3 New AKC Breeds for 2011

The American Kennel Club has once again expanded its list of registered breeds. The new dogs are the Entlebucher Mountain Dog, Norwegian Lundehund, and the Xoloitzcuintli.

Entlebucher Mountain Dogs

The Entlebucher (pronounced Ent-lay-boo-cur) Mountain dog, a member of the Herding Group of the AKC, is named after a small town in Switzerland, Entlebuch. It is the smallest of the Swiss Mountain dogs and a sturdy dog with lively eyes and a drive to work. They are believed to have descended from Roman mastiffs. This breed is bred to work, so daily exercise is absolutely needed. They need a firm but calm pack leader and are very eager to please. They are small and often do not exceed 60 lbs.

How are they as pets?

Entlebuchers are very social and love being around people and other dogs but can be aloof with strangers. Socialize them and they will be more receptive to meeting strangers. They do require a lot of exercise and can live from 11 to 15 years. Grooming them is not tough, just brush them regularly to remove debris and build up of dander. They need space to run and play. An apartment is not ideal for this breed unless you jog a lot and can take your pup with you! Entles thrive when they have a “job.”

Norwegian Lundehund

Also known as the Norwegian Puffin Dog, the Lundehund is a spitz and one of the world’s oldest breeds. They have six toes on each foot, 2 dewclaws and is an excellent climber. Their unique vertebral structure allows them to look virtually 180 degrees over their heads, able to practically rest their heads on their backs. They have very animated ears that can point in more directions than most other dog breeds. They are friendly by nature and like meeting people and do not have aggressive tendencies if bred correctly. They are curious and will explore the world about them so being on leash outside is a must.

How are they as pets?

These are quite affectionate, playful dogs that love people and other canines. Norwegian Lundehund make an excellent family pet but tend to be difficult to housebreak. Some owners say they have never been able to housebreak this breed. A doggie door may be an option along with consistent crate training. It is important to properly socialize and behavior train this dog. Otherwise, they can become wary of strangers and will bark to alert you to any strangers near your house incessantly. Without proper training and a good pack leader, these dogs may take over the house and bark at you incessantly. They will demand things and bark and bark telling you what HE wants YOU to do. Consistency is the keyword with this breed.


Xoloitzcuintli (pronounced Show-low-its-queen-tli), or Xolos for short, are an ancient dog breed that evolved in the jungles of Colima, Mexico. They are considered the first dogs of the Americas. They come in three sizes, toy, miniature, and standard and can be coated or hairless. Xolos were developed as guardians, hunters, and companions. Xolos are in the Non-sporting Group in the AKC.

These are smart, hearty, and healthy dogs. They can be wary of people, a bit aloof, or aggressive toward other dogs if they are not properly socialized and trained at a young age.

How are they as pets?

Xolos can be fine with children but must be introduced to them at a young age and trained appropriate behavior. They thrive on attention, so if you have a busy life, they will not be happy and will become depressed, aloof, and won’t bond with their owners. This is a strong-willed dog. Puppies need lots of hands-on attention. They must be socialized and trained, starting at a young age. Once they are fully grown, if the proper foundation has been laid, then they are very easy to train and maintain. They can live up to 20 years and have great survival skills due its primitive roots.

photos courtesy of Dog Breed Info Center

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