Buying leashes and collars for dogs is not too difficult, but there are a few things to keep in mind.
Leashes should be bought more than practicality and durability over fancy patterns or designs, but if you and your dog are stylish, interesting composition is always an option.
Leashes are generally made out of either leather or nylon material. Sometimes nylon is not preferred, because it can wear down, and can be hard against human hands if the dog pulls too hard. Leather is easier on human skin. The best leather leashes are braided, and do not contain stitched parts that can pull apart easily. If your dog loves water, however, the nylon leashes are better, because water damages leather. Chain leashes are not a good idea, because they can easily harm your dog.
In terms of leash size, that all depends on the size of your dog. Wider leashes are better for bigger dogs. The length of your leash depends on your personal preference. Retractable leashes can give dogs more freedom, but are not always the most effective training tools. Shorter leashes are better for obedience exercises. If you have a puppy, it is wise to buy a small leash, like 4 feet, and then move up to a longer leash, like 6 feet, when it grows into a dog. It is also a good idea to have more than one leash, in case they break or get lost.
In terms of buying collars, there are a few different types that serve different purposes. Traditional dog collars are made out of leather, nylon or cotton. Leather collars are durable, but they are a bad idea if your dog is often in water. They differ in size and in clasping device, such as buckles, plastic clasps and safety clips.
There are also slip collars and choke chains which are made out of nylon, leather or metal chain. These collars have rings at both ends, and tighten up when you pull at it. These are generally reserved for training and obedience purposes. You should never leave one on your dog for extended periods of time.
There are also prong/pinch collars, and these have prongs turned to the inside. They are meant to apply pressure on the dog’s neck when the owner pulls the collar. These are generally reserved for dogs who do not respond to other types of collars. Do not put a prong collar on a puppy, because they are delicate, and it could do damage to their throats and spines.
To determine the size of the standard collar, you should be able to put it on your dog, and fit two fingers in between the dog’s neck and collar. To determine the size of the choke collar, you should measure the radius of your dog’s neck, and then add 2-3 inches. You should probably ask someone who has worked with these collars before to show you how to use one correctly.